This month’s Report on Progress focuses on advances in stroke treatment and therapy. Strokes can have a variety of neurological effects on the body like difficulty speaking, loss of consciousness and sudden death. The article, written by Xuefang Ren, M.D., and James W. Simpkins, Ph.D., discusses current treatments, explains how strokes occur, and underscores the need to develop more effective therapies.
Stroke, the most common medical emergency, is a cerebrovascular accident that can cause death and long-term disability. Over 80 percent of all strokes are ischemic strokes, when a clot lodges in an artery supplying blood to the brain and the blood flow is reduced or blocked. A small percentage, caused by rupture of brain blood vessels, are called hemorrhagic strokes. Stroke risk factors are well known and include high blood pressure, elevated lipids, diabetes, smoking, heavy drinking, coronary artery disease, heart diseases, etc.
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